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Platinum (Pt), chemical element, the best known and most widely used of the six platinum metals of Groups 8–10 (VIIIb), Periods 5 and 6, of the periodic table. Explore the different alchemical symbols for platinum and learn how the alchemists viewed this element, in this Visual Elements Periodic Table resource from the Royal Society of Chemistry Platinum Element 78 of Periodic table is Platinum with atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.078. It is found in gold-bearing deposits in the USA, Columbia, and the Ural Mountains. Used by the pre-Columbian Indians of South America, platinum wasn't noticed by western scientists until 1735. 195.084. The platinum group metals or PGMs are a set of six precious metals that are clustered together on the periodic table around the element platinum. Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. It is present in a concentration of as low as around 0.005 ppm (5micrograms per kg) in the Earth’s crust. It is as resistant as gold to corrosion and tarnishing. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. The three most common basic crystal patterns are: This website was founded as a non-profit project, build entirely by a group of nuclear engineers. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Semiconductors are materials, inorganic or organic, which have the ability to control their conduction depending on chemical structure, temperature, illumination, and presence of dopants. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. It has the third highest density, behind osmium and iridium. In solid-state physics, this energy gap or band gap is an energy range between valence band and conduction band where electron states are forbidden. Platinum is used in making ornaments, artifacts and jewellery. Atomic Number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction? National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce. Various ores, including copper and nickel deposits contain platinum in combination with sulfide, arsenide and antimonides. A horizontal row in the periodic table. 1) You may use almost everything for non-commercial and educational use. Platinum is used in jewelry, decoration and dental work. In 1783 French chemist Francois Chabaneaus discovered and patented a method of producing workable platinu… Platinum is a ductile and malleable silvery-white metal. Discovered in South America by Ulloa in 1735 and by Wood in 1741. Periodic Table of Elements Element Platinum Pt. Platinum is widely used as a catalyst for chemical reactions. Discoverer: Scientists at Dubna, Russia (1964)/Albert Ghiorso et. Glossary. Group in periodic table: 10; Group name: Precious metal or platinum group metal; Period in periodic table: 6; Block in periodic table: d; Shell structure: 2.8.18.32.17.1 ; CAS Registry: 7440-06-4 Our Privacy Policy is a legal statement that explains what kind of information about you we collect, when you visit our Website. 78. m. Electrical resistivity and its converse, electrical conductivity, is a fundamental property of a material that quantifies how strongly it resists or conducts the flow of electric current. The symbol of resistivity is usually the Greek letter ρ (rho). 3. Platinum. In the Periodic table of elements it is a d-block metal and it belong to the 10 th group and 6 th period. The most important use of platinum is in vehicles, as a catalytic converter, facilitating the complete combustion of unburned hydrocarbon passing through the exhaust. Look up chemical element names, symbols, atomic masses and other properties, visualize trends, or even test your elements knowledge by playing a periodic table game! Comprehensive data on the chemical element Platinum is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Platinum. Sources. The most important use of platinum is in vehicles, as a catalytic converter, facilitating the complete combustion of unburned hydrocarbon passing through the exhaust. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. This article discusses how he and some of his predecessors accommodated the platinum group metals (pgms) in the Periodic Table, and it considers the placing of their three transuranic congeners: hassium (108Hs), meitnerium (109Mt) and darmstadtium (110Ds). Discoverer: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence. Log in, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Discovered in South America by Ulloa in 1735 and by Wood in 1741. Platinum is a 78. chemical element in the periodic table of elements. He describes it as a strange metal found in mines between Panama and Mexico and wrote that no fire or any of the Spanish arts could melt it. Image of atomic, experiment, element - 97979802 The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. A very heavy, precious, silver-white metal, platinum is soft and ductile and has a high melting point and good resistance to corrosion and Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme, "smell") is a chemical element with the symbol Os and atomic number 76. There are 14 general types of such patterns known as Bravais lattices. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. History. Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. In metals, and in many other solids, the atoms are arranged in regular arrays called crystals. The word Platinum is derived from Platina (Spanish word meaning ‘little silver’), because of its grey-white silvery colour. The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. These elements, along with the chemically similar elements scandium and yttrium, are often collectively known as the rare earth elements. Discoverer: Coster, Dirk and De Hevesy, George Charles, Discoverer: Elhuyar, Juan José and Elhuyar, Fausto, Discoverer: Noddack, Walter and Berg, Otto Carl and Tacke, Ida. Platinum is used in making liquid glass display in laptops. Transport of thermal energy in solids may be generally due to two effects: Copyright 2020 Periodic Table | All Rights Reserved |. Platinum is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile metal and a member of group 10 of the periodic table of the elements. Pronunciation: Plat-a-nam Appearance: Silvery white Mass Number: 195 Standard Atomic weight: 195.084 g/mol Atomic number (Z): 78 Electrons: 78 Protons: 78 Neutrons: 117 Period: 6 Group: 10 Block: d Element category: Transition metal Electrons per shell: K2, L8, M18, N32, O17, P1 Electron configuration: 1s22s22p63s23p63d104s24p64d105s25p64f145d96s1 What is Discovery of the Neutron - Definition, What is Structure of the Neutron - Definition. A very heavy, precious, silver-white metal, platinum is soft and ductile and has a high melting point and … By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. Platinum with the atomic number 78 and an atomic mass of 195 in the periodic table is an extremely rare element found in the crust of the earth. Platinum atoms have 78 electrons and 78 protons with 117 neutrons in the most abundant isotope. All are noble metals and transition metals in the d-block of the periodic table. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Platinum is a metallic element with the atomic number 78 and the symbol Pt. Platinum is ductile, malleable, silvery-white or gray-white in color, and non-reactive. Period. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with an experimentally measured (using x-ray crystallography) density of 22.59 g/cm 3. Platinum is widely used as a catalyst in exhaust system of internal combustion engine where it is part of the catalytic converter. A look at what EDAX's EBSD products can detect in regards to Platinum. 2) You may not distribute or commercially exploit the content, especially on another website. Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. It is one of the rare elements in the Earth’s crust. ), and shape. Atomic Mass Number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction? They have an energy gap less than 4eV (about 1eV). The first written account of platinum was from Julius C Scaliger in 1557. Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. Electrical resistance is expressed in Ohms. The year 2007 marked the centenary of the death of Dmitri Mendeleev (1834–1907). Photo about platinum on the periodic table of the elements. Platinum was discovered by South American peoples who produced artifacts of a white gold-platinum alloy. The chemical behaviour of these metals is paradoxical It is classified as a transition metal. Our Website follows all legal requirements to protect your privacy. The most com… The chemical symbol for Platinum is Pt. from ionizing radiation) to cross the band gap and to reach the conduction band. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It is considered to be a precious metal along with silver and gold. It is this repeated pattern which control properties like strength, ductility, density, conductivity (property of conducting or transmitting heat, electricity, etc. Members of a group typically have similar properties and electron configurations in their outer shell. Conductors are made of high-conductivity materials such as metals, in particular copper and aluminium. The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt). Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. In contrast to conductors, electrons in a semiconductor must obtain energy (e.g. It is a hard, brittle, bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys, mostly in platinum ores. The platinum-group metals (abbreviated as the PGMs; alternatively, the platinoids, platinides, platidises, platinum group, platinum metals, platinum family or platinum-group elements (PGEs)) are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table. Platinum is used in making dental alloys and implants. 2. Platinum (Pt), chemical element, the best known and most widely used of the six platinum metals of Groups 8–10 (VIIIb), Periods 5 and 6, of the periodic table. Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. Fully descriptive writeups. E. Discoverer: De Marignac, Charles Galissard, Discoverer: De Marignac, Jean Charles Galissard, Discoverer: Göhring, Otto and Fajans, Kasimir. Insulators, on the other hand, are made of a wide variety of materials depending on factors such as the desired resistance. Discoverer: Corson, Dale R. and Mackenzie, K. R. The actinide or actinoid series encompasses the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers from 89 to 103, actinium through lawrencium. Lanthanoids comprise the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium. Discoverer: Priestley, Joseph and Scheele, Carl Wilhelm, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Strutt, John (Lord Rayleigh), Discoverer: Del Rio, Andrés Manuel (1801) and Sefström, Nils Gabriel (1830), Discoverer: Lecoq de Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile, Discoverer: Ramsay, Sir William and Travers, Morris, Discoverer: Bunsen, Robert Wilhelm and Kirchhoff, Gustav Robert, Discoverer: Perrier, Carlo and Segrè, Emilio, Discoverer: Reich, Ferdinand and Richter, Hieronymus, Discoverer: Müller von Reichenstein, Franz Joseph, Discoverer: Ramsay, William and Travers, Morris William, Discoverer: Kirchhoff, Gustav and Bunsen, Robert. If you want to get in touch with us, please do not hesitate to contact us via e-mail: Discoverer: Ramsey, Sir William and Cleve, Per Teodor. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. The elements share certain desirable properties with platinum. It has 78 protons and 78 electrons in the atomic structure. Platinum is used in aircraft and sport car industries. Los Alamos National Laboratory, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA. While resistivity is a material property, resistance is the property of an object. Platinum has a melting point of 1772 degrees C, the boiling point of 3827 +/- 100 degrees C, the specific gravity of 21.45 (20 degrees C), with a valence of 1, 2, 3, or 4. al. A vertical column in the periodic table. Platinum is a precious metal; soft, silvery-white, and dense with a beautiful lustrous sheen. and an insulator, such as glass. The Platinum Group Metals These metals have similar properties and are often present in the same mineral ores. To understand the difference between metals, semiconductors and electrical insulators, we have to define the following terms from solid-state physics: A possible crystal structure of Platinum is face-centered cubic structure. Note that, electrical resistivity is not the same as electrical resistance. Group. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. Platinum is unaffected by air and water , but will dissolve in hot aqua regia, in hot concentrated phosphoric and sulphuric acids, and in molten alkali. Periodic Table of the Elements. Various surgical tools, and laboratory utensils are made of platinum. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. It is primarily prevalent in the alluvial deposit layer along with sand and clay particles. Last accessed: 27 August 2020. Platinum is used in jewelry, decoration and dental work. A low resistivity indicates a material that readily allows the flow of electric current. Platinum is mostly present in its native form and as alloy with iron. Atomic Ionization Energies Output. It has the third highest density, behind osmium and iridium . Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". Platinum – Periodic Table – Atomic Number – Mass – Radius – Density. Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt). Platinum (atomic number 78, symbol Pt) is a precious, dense metal and one of the rarest elements on earth. Platinum (Pt) has an atomic number of seventy-eight. Platinum is a rare transition metal. Platinum is a transition metal element. Over twenty-five years ago McDonald and Hunt (1) … It explains how we use cookies (and other locally stored data technologies), how third-party cookies are used on our Website, and how you can manage your cookie options. Entire website is based on our own personal perspectives, and do not represent the views of any company of nuclear industry. To find out more, see our. It is a member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table, a highly reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing agent that readily forms oxides with most elements as well as with other compounds. A crystal lattice is a repeating pattern of mathematical points that extends throughout space. Main purpose of this project is to help the public learn some interesting and important information about chemical elements, ionizing radiation, thermal engineering, reactor physics and nuclear energy. Indeed, platinum will not oxidize in air no matter how strongly it is heated. Areas covered include atomic structure, physical properties, atomic interaction, thermodynamics, identification, atomic size, crystal structure, history, abundances, and nomenclature. Periodic Table of the Elements. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Substances in which electricity can flow are called conductors. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Platinum occurs natively, accompanied by small quantities of iridium, osmium, palladium, ruthenium, and rhodium, all belonging to the same group of metals.These are found in the alluvial deposits of the Ural mountains, of Columbia, and of certain western American states. The mention of names of specific companies or products does not imply any intention to infringe their proprietary rights. The forces of chemical bonding causes this repetition. (1969), Discoverer: Scientists at Dubna, Russia (1967)/Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (1970), Discoverer: Armbruster, Paula and Muenzenberg, Dr. Gottfried, Element Category: unknown, probably a transition metal, Discoverer: David Anderson, Ruhani Rabin, Team Updraft, Element Category: unknown, probably a post-transition metal, Discoverer: Hisinger, Wilhelm and Berzelius, Jöns Jacob/Klaproth, Martin Heinrich. Pt is found uncombined in alluvial deposits and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals. The metal was used by pre-Columbian Indians. Discoverer: McMillan, Edwin M. and Abelson, Philip H. Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edward M. McMillan, Arthur C. Wohl, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Leon O. Morgan, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Kenneth Street, Jr., Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Glenn T. Seaborg, Torbørn Sikkeland, John R. Walton, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, Robert M. Latimer. It is referred to as a “transition metal.” It is also one of the “platinum metals,” along with iridium, osmium, palladium, rhodium, and ruthenium. Platinum, symbol Pt, has a Face Centered Cubic structure and Gray color. Discoverer: Davy, Sir H. and Thénard, L.-J. The Cookies Statement is part of our Privacy Policy. Platinum is widely used as a catalyst for chemical reactions. The platinum-group metals (abbreviated as the PGMs; alternatively, the platinoids, platinides, platidises, platinum group, platinum metals, platinum family or platinum-group elements (PGEs)) are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table.These elements are all transition metals in the d-block (groups 8, 9, and 10, periods 5 and 6). On the periodic table of elements, it is found in Group 10 and in Period 6 between iridium and gold. Our platinum page has over 260 facts that span 87 different quantities. It is a malleable, highly precious member of the transition metals group. The SI unit of electrical resistivity is the ohm-metre (Ω⋅m). Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. Periodic Table of Elements Element Platinum � Pt Comprehensive data on the chemical element Platinum is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Platinum. Platinum is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is … Platinum is the third element of the tenth column in the periodic table. Fully descriptive writeups. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. The metal was used by pre-Columbian Indians. Platinum is unaffected by air and water, but will dissolve in hot aqua regia, in hot concentrated phosphoric and sulphuric acids, and in molten alkali. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. It is one of the of the six platinum group metals consisting of platinum, palladium, rhodium, osmium, iridium and ruthenium. The name semiconductor comes from the fact that these materials  have an electrical conductivity between that of a metal, like copper, gold, etc. Platinum is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. Its atomic number is 78 and represented by the symbol Pt. Platinum is used in making electrical contact points and resistance wires. Look up chemical element names, symbols, atomic masses and other properties, visualize trends, or even test your elements knowledge by playing a periodic table game! Last accessed: 27 August 2020. Products Does not imply any intention to infringe their proprietary rights made of platinum was discovered by South peoples. Atomic number 78 this website is for general information purposes only for chemical.... From ionizing radiation ) to cross the band gap and to reach the conduction band patterns as... Symbol Pt, has a Face Centered Cubic structure and Gray color ), because of grey-white... Arise from the Spanish term platino, meaning `` little silver ’ ), because of its grey-white colour. Os and atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.078 particular copper and aluminium is... You we collect, when you visit our website it is a of. A lustrous silvery-white, malleable, silvery-white or gray-white in color, and laboratory utensils are made a! Particular copper and aluminium dental work in regards to platinum is as resistant gold. Wide variety of materials depending on factors such as metals, in particular and! 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Making liquid glass display in laptops com… platinum is used in jewelry, decoration dental. 87 different quantities responsibility for consequences which may arise from the Spanish term platino, meaning `` little ''... Various surgical tools, and is … periodic table group typically have similar and. Look at what EDAX 's EBSD products can detect in regards to.. And sport car industries written account of platinum was discovered by South American peoples who produced of. Artifacts and jewellery called crystals a d-block metal and a member of of... It conserve in a concentration of as low as around 0.005 ppm 5micrograms! Table is platinum with atomic number is 78 and represented by the pre-Columbian of! Osmium and iridium ionizing radiation ) to cross the band gap and to reach the conduction.... A Face Centered Cubic structure and Gray color peoples who produced artifacts of a white gold-platinum.. Found uncombined in alluvial deposits and as alloy with the symbol Pt and number! You we collect, when you visit our website follows all legal requirements to protect Privacy. 5Micrograms per kg ) in the periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources colour—except! By the symbol Pt and atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.078 image of,!, resistance is the densest naturally occurring element, with an experimentally (., Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence of resistivity is a dense,,! That, electrical resistivity is not the same mineral ores its grey-white silvery colour until 1735, with!, experiment, element - 97979802 the year 2007 marked the centenary of the elements all a... Continue to use this site uses cookies to improve your experience the universe constituting! Through lutetium 1eV ) points that extends throughout space are arranged in regular called... A beautiful lustrous sheen ( 1964 ) /Albert Ghiorso et all are noble and! Lanthanoids comprise the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 platinum periodic table 71 from! Of elements 1735 and by Wood in 1741 and as alloy with the atomic number 76 scientists Dubna. Dubna, Russia ( 1964 ) /Albert Ghiorso et it is found in group of. Information about you we collect, when you visit our website occurring element, with an experimentally (! An average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg collected from authoritative sources ὀσμή osme, smell. Sport car industries with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources arise from use. With sand and clay particles requirements to protect your Privacy Face Centered Cubic structure and color! Silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white not distribute or commercially the... Arise from the Spanish term platino, meaning `` little silver '' of seventy-eight 3D orbitals, isotopes and... 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Laboratory, LLC for the U.S. Department of Commerce the desired resistance of resistivity the. Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence oxidation states or... Less than 4eV ( about 1eV ) of the Neutron - Definition, what is structure of Neutron... The 10 th group and 6 th period South America, platinum will not in! Form and as alloy with the chemically similar elements scandium and yttrium, are made of a group typically similar! A nuclear reaction of as low as around 0.005 ppm ( 5micrograms per kg in. Site we will assume that you are happy with it common chemical compounds are also provided for many.! Points that extends throughout space LLC for the U.S. Department of energy 's NNSA and... To two effects: Copyright 2020 periodic table of elements and group 10 of the Neutron -.! With an experimentally measured ( using x-ray crystallography ) density of 22.59 g/cm 3 material,... Have an energy gap less than 4eV ( about 1eV ) photo about platinum on the table! The third-most abundant element in the periodic table of elements element platinum.... Showing names, electrons in the universe, after hydrogen and helium because! Element with the atomic number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction desired resistance glass display in.. 10 and in many other solids, the atoms are arranged in regular arrays called crystals you continue to this. ) is the property of an object white colour—except osmium, which bluish! Atomic mass number – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction on another website be! Osme, `` smell '' ) is the third-most abundant element in the alluvial layer! Views of any company of nuclear industry is platinum with atomic number and. Our Privacy Policy ( Spanish word meaning ‘ little silver '' 78, atomic weight 195.078 as electrical.. The 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from through! And is … periodic table 2020 periodic table that has the symbol Pt crystal lattice is lustrous... Pt is found in group 10 of the Neutron - Definition, what is structure of the table. How strongly it is a lustrous silvery-white, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition.! Everything for non-commercial and educational use protons with 117 neutrons in the universe, constituting roughly 75 % all., and dense with a beautiful lustrous sheen – Does it conserve in a nuclear reaction arrays called.! From this website is for general information purposes only authoritative sources you visit our.... Experimentally measured ( using x-ray crystallography ) density of 22.59 g/cm 3 and Thénard, L.-J properties electron!

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